Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
This program has a 12- month performance period within which the grantee must obligate their grant funds. Grantees then have an additional 90 days to liquidate their grant funds after the end of the performance period. Assistance is disbursed on a reimbursable basis or, if warranted, the funds can be disbursed on an immediate needs basis. All grant funds are electronically transferred to the grantee's bank account via direct deposit.
Formula and Matching Requirements
This program has no statutory formula. Applicants who protect a population of 50,000 or less are required to provide a nonfederal cost-share of not less than 10 percent of the total award. Applicants who protect a population in excess of 50,000 are required to provide a nonfederal cost-share of not less than 30 percent of the total award. This program also has a Maintenance of Effort requirement intended to ensure that the Federal funds are used to supplement, not supplant, existing resources.
A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.
Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.
In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.
Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.